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Best Practices Competition

 in sustainable development area of Central Asia

Keep the promise

Millennium Development Goals

Capacity 2015  Information and Learning Network in Central Asian countries  (ILN/CARNet)

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Success story

  

How to provide  rural people with heat and electricity? How to teach them new ways of taking care of , restoring and protecting  land and with the help of this  to cut  huge financial costs? An answer for these questions can be a case study of the public fund “Fluid”, which has been successful in introducing of biogas technologies.

Initially they had a useful experience in cooperating with the Association “Farmer”.  As early as in spring 2002 specialists of PF “Fluid” have developed and constructed a biogas unit on the basis of mini- livestock unit in Petrovka village of Moscow district, Chui oblast. This was the first attempt to introduce the biogas technologies in agricultural practice and the experiment site for the use of  innovations have become seven farm holdings that joined in association of “Farmer”.  

Villagers understood that in order for land to be fertile  and productive  it should constantly be restored.  However, they had  no financial possibility to buy mineral fertilizers and using of  animal manure in a traditional way was not economically and ecologically advantageous as well because methane produced in the production process of organic fertilizers  pollutes the air and  creates greenhouse effect. Therefore specialists of “Fluid” suggested farmers an alternative  solution – biogas units.

 Innovative animal manure  processing technology is  production biogas (methane) and  ecologically clean  and highly effective concentrated liquid fertilizers from animal dung  prepared in  anaerobic  conditions. Biogas units of the Association “Farmer” that have been operating since 2002 have significantly improved environmental and social conditions in many farms. Biogas is used for heating of houses and outbuildings and as fuel for technical equipments. It has also solved serious economic problems and the use of slurry  (methane effluent) as fertilizer has greatly contributed to improvement of  agricultural productivity.

 

Success of this partnership activity can be evaluated on the basis of achieved results:

 

1.       Installation and operation of 4 biogas units at a mini-livestock unit of Farmers Association;

2.      Training of specialists - two shifting operators were trained  and certified by the KR Ministry of Environment Emergency Situations;

3.      Production of  10 tons of fertilizers per day which is used on  300 hectares  of agricultural land;

4.      Biogas production capacity of  500 ě3 , which is used for heating of buildings in 7 farm houses, a swinery  and maintenance of a power generator and servicing of cars and tractors;

5.      According to estimations in the first year the   economy on fertilizers was  525 000 soms per year, on fuel - 237 600 soms per year.

 

Following this, “Fluid” has introduced biogas units in other farms – in 2003 in the village Lebedinovka on the base of 3000 head swine complex  of  «ÁĹĘĎĐ» Ltd. , in 2004 in “Kuntuu” Ayil Okmotu . But the first experiment in cooperation  with the Association of Farmers was the most demonstrative, therefore this project has been evaluated as an example of effective activity and in 2005 was awarded the Best Practice status in the area of sustainable development in the competition initiated by the CARNet Network.    

Following this  success PF “Fluid” received  support from international organizations: the UNDP “Capacity Building and Environmental Governance Strengthening for Sustainable Development” and the Global Environmental Facility Small Grants Program. “Capacity Building for the Use of Biogas Units in Kyrgyzstan” project was financed and as part of this project  a manual on “Biogas Technologies in the Kyrgyz Republic” was published.

From the   manual one can learn  about various  constructions of biogas units and their selection criteria, and schemes and norms of their exploitation and maintenance. It describes specifics of various input materials and conditions for  their processing to get biogas and biological fertilizers, use of biogas for gas appliances, as  fuel for automobiles, generation of electricity and economic and environmental benefits both for farms and for the state.  In short, this is a very useful reference manual for those who understand the importance of  biogas technology in increasing quality of  life and business.  

This manual was highly appreciated as it is addressed to a  wide circle of readers and based on practical recommendations. It was presented to the public and journalists at its official presentation at UN House (Bishkek) on 8 December 2007. More information on manual is available on site of CARNet network at: http://www.caresd.net/site.html?en=0&id=13537 .

One more important area of the Fund activity is popularization of biogas technologies in farming and dissemination of information on their environmental and economic benefits. For that purpose an official site of the PF “Fluid” has been developed and presently functioning ( (http://www.fluid-biogas.com/), presentations of reference manual have been held with participation of local and national mass media. The project has also provided trainings  which familiarized participants with biogas technologies, their economic and environmental benefits.

It has been 5 years since the first project has been implemented and time has proved that activity of PF “Fluid” is 100% successful practice. Because this practice is replicated and  these technologies give real economic effect and promote sustainable development.

Äčçŕčí č ďđîăđŕěěčđîâŕíčĺ: Juyko Sergey