How to provide rural people with
heat and electricity? How to teach them new ways of
taking care of , restoring and protecting land and
with the help of this to cut huge financial costs?
An answer for these questions can be a case study of
the public fund “Fluid”, which has been successful
in introducing of biogas technologies.
Initially they had a useful
experience in cooperating with the Association
“Farmer”. As early as in spring 2002 specialists of
PF “Fluid” have developed and constructed a biogas
unit on the basis of mini- livestock unit in
Petrovka village of Moscow district, Chui oblast.
This was the first attempt to introduce the biogas
technologies in agricultural practice and the
experiment site for the use of innovations have
become seven farm holdings that joined in
association of “Farmer”.
Villagers understood that in
order for land to be fertile and productive it
should constantly be restored. However, they had
no financial possibility to buy mineral fertilizers
and using of animal manure in a traditional way was
not economically and ecologically advantageous as
well because methane produced in the production
process of organic fertilizers pollutes the air
and creates greenhouse effect. Therefore
specialists of “Fluid” suggested farmers an
alternative solution – biogas units.
Innovative animal manure
processing technology is production biogas
(methane) and ecologically clean and highly
effective concentrated liquid fertilizers from
animal dung prepared in anaerobic conditions.
Biogas units of the Association “Farmer” that have
been operating since 2002 have significantly
improved environmental and social conditions in many
farms. Biogas is used for heating of houses and
outbuildings and as fuel for technical equipments.
It has also solved serious economic problems and the
use of slurry (methane effluent) as fertilizer has
greatly contributed to improvement of agricultural
Success of this partnership
activity can be evaluated on the basis of achieved
Installation and operation of 4
biogas units at a mini-livestock unit of Farmers
Training of specialists - two shifting operators
were trained and certified by the KR Ministry of
Environment Emergency Situations;
Production of 10 tons of fertilizers per day which
is used on 300 hectares of agricultural land;
Biogas production capacity of 500 ě3
, which is used for heating of buildings in 7 farm
houses, a swinery and maintenance of a power
generator and servicing of cars and tractors;
According to estimations in the first year the
economy on fertilizers was 525 000 soms per year,
on fuel - 237 600 soms per year.
Following this, “Fluid” has
introduced biogas units in other farms – in 2003 in
the village Lebedinovka on the base of 3000 head
swine complex of «ÁĹĘĎĐ»
Ltd. , in 2004 in “Kuntuu” Ayil Okmotu . But the
first experiment in cooperation with the
Association of Farmers was the most demonstrative,
therefore this project has been evaluated as an
example of effective activity and in 2005 was
awarded the Best Practice status in the area of
sustainable development in the competition initiated
by the CARNet Network.
Following this success PF
“Fluid” received support from international
organizations: the UNDP “Capacity Building and
Environmental Governance Strengthening for
Sustainable Development” and the Global
Environmental Facility Small Grants Program.
“Capacity Building for the Use of Biogas Units in
Kyrgyzstan” project was financed and as part of this
project a manual on “Biogas Technologies in the
Kyrgyz Republic” was published.
From the manual one can learn
about various constructions of biogas units and
their selection criteria, and schemes and norms of
their exploitation and maintenance. It describes
specifics of various input materials and conditions
for their processing to get biogas and biological
fertilizers, use of biogas for gas appliances, as
fuel for automobiles, generation of electricity and
economic and environmental benefits both for farms
and for the state. In short, this is a very useful
reference manual for those who understand the
importance of biogas technology in increasing
quality of life and business.
This manual was highly
appreciated as it is addressed to a wide circle of
readers and based on practical recommendations. It
was presented to the public and journalists at its
official presentation at UN House (Bishkek) on 8
December 2007. More information on manual is
available on site of CARNet network at:
One more important area of the
Fund activity is popularization of biogas
technologies in farming and dissemination of
information on their environmental and economic
benefits. For that purpose an official site of the
PF “Fluid” has been developed and presently
functioning ( (http://www.fluid-biogas.com/),
presentations of reference manual have been held
with participation of local and national mass media.
The project has also provided trainings which
familiarized participants with biogas technologies,
their economic and environmental benefits.
It has been 5 years since the
first project has been implemented and time has
proved that activity of PF “Fluid” is 100%
successful practice. Because this practice is
replicated and these technologies give real
economic effect and promote sustainable development.