Cooperation in the Central Asia region and Russia are reflected by the number of the programs and initiatives developed on the basis of multilateral agreements.
The Caspian Environment Programme (CEP)
is a regional programme developed for and by the five Caspian Littoral States, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia and Turkmenistan, aiming to halt the deterioration of environmental conditions of the Caspian Sea and to promote sustainable development in the area.
The Regional Environmental Action Plan(REAP)
was initiated by request of the Ministers for Environment of Central Asia (CA) during the UN/ESCAP meeting, Tehran, February 2000. As a follow-up of this request, the REAP preparation process was initiated by the UNEP office in Asia and the Pacific. In 2000-2001, the REAP had been developed as a joint venture between UNDP, UNEP, and the ADB under the overall guidance of the Interstate Sustainable Development Commission (ISDC).
The main directions of the Programme
on concrete actions on improvement of the environmental and socio-economic situation in the Aral Sea Basin for a period of 2003-2010 (PASB-2) have been approved on Dushanbe’s meeting of Central Asia countries Leaders.
The is developed for the countries of Southwest and Central Asia including Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, I.R. Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, which are located in one the most seismically active areas of the world; hydro-meteorological hazards such as floods and droughts have also caused substantial damage to the area.
The Environment and Security Initiative
was launched in 2002 by the UNEP, UNDP and OSCE, with the common aim of facilitating a collaborative process between key public officials and development partners.
This Initiative presents a valuable approach in seeking to tackle the interconnections between environment and security.
At the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg in September 2002 the European Union (EU) formally launched the global Water Initiative
: Water for Life – Health, livelihoods, economic development and security (EUWI). The Council of the European Union has fully endorsed this initiative and it carries political support from the European Commission and the 15 Member States.
In November of 2000, the community supported by the government and local authorities initiated the International Forum «Balkhash 2000». The Forum recommended the development a comprehensive Program of Sustainable Development of Ili-Balkhash basin
(IBB) (Ili-Balkhash Agenda 21).Central Asian Mountain Partnership
is financed by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation and is designed and implemented by the Center for Development and Environment (CDE) of the University of Berne. In 2000, CAMP started operating in Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, and Tajikistan. The program is now in its second phase, which will finish at the end of 2006.