In terms of the abundance and diversity of endemic
and other valuable plant species, Almaty City and Almaty Oblast
is the leader among the other areas of Kazakhstan. As back as before
the Revolution the urban greening events have been organized inside
and outside Almaty. It was the VAHSNIL Academy evacuated to the
region during Wold War II that played a major role in planting rare
and valuable tree and bush species in Almaty.
The geographic layout of Almaty, its territory and
transport expansion required intensive greening. The green belt
serving as the city lungs contributed to air cleaning and improvement
of health conditions of people living in Almaty City. Lilac, the
deciduous plant whose growing age can exceed 150 years preserving
its foliaceous cover and decontaminating the air, was of special
The collapse of Soviet Union reasoned the degradation and shrinkage
of the lilac sites. The lilac park planted after World War II near
the main building of the former Agricultural Institute was completely
destroyed. The other lilac sites along the roads have been lost
due to the lack of moisture. The lilac species bred by Maryam Sagitova
and Tadeusz Dzevitsky, the well-known local breeders, have also
been exposed to extinction. They have practically been destroyed
in all the sites established by the breeders. The construction companies
building the cottages inside the city have sacrificed the famous
mother lilac garden heedfully nourished by the breeders. The garden
contained about 300 new forms and varieties of lilac that have been
developed for more than 50 years.
Look at the lilac and see how tender and fragile
it is. We can break it and trample it. But we can also save and
raise it. Conserving the lilac we conserve the future physical and
cultural health of the nation.
Social factors contributing to the shrinkage and extinction of rare
- The growing demand for land parcels under development inside
- Plunder of bushes, unauthorized plucking of flowers, branches
- The lack of watering, protection and restoration activities.